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5 Common Misconceptions about Domestic Abuse

10 Nov

As with any subject, there are many misconceptions surrounding domestic abuse - from who or what is at fault to why women don’t just walk away, such a sensitive subject can often be far from simple. To help separate fact from fiction, we have brought together five of the most common myths surrounding domestic abuse: 


1. It Is Only Be Classed as Domestic Abuse If Someone Is Violent


The term ‘domestic violence’ is one of that we are all familiar with, but it is also incredibly misleading - we prefer to use the term ‘domestic abuse’. Describing abuse as ‘violence’ wrongly gives the impression that it only occurs when the perpetrator is physically violent during the relationship. The truth is that abuse can come in many forms, including: 

  • Physical abuse
  • Sexual abuse
  • Emotional abuse
  • Financial abuse
  • Economic abuse

It is incredibly rare for the first act of abuse to be violent. Perpetrators will often begin by isolating their partner from friends and family, before wearing away at their self-esteem. This makes it harder for them to leave once any verbal or physical abuse begins. 


2. Alcohol and Drugs Are to Blame for Domestic Abuse


Many perpetrators will often blame their behaviour on alcohol or drugs. Whilst these substances exacerbate the problem, they are never the root cause. After all, many perpetrators will be abusive whilst being stone-cold sober and the majority of people manage to have a few drinks in the pub without going home and abusing their partner.


3. Many Perpetrators Grow up in a Abusive Home


It is true that some people who experience abuse whilst growing up will go on to be abusive themselves. However, in our experience, the vast majority are so disgusted by what they have witnessed that they would not dream of abusing their partners. In fact, as we mentioned in a previous blog, many use their experience in a positive way in later life.


4. Men Are Just as Likely to Experience Domestic Abuse as Women 


It is right that the abuse men receive at hands of female perpetrators is treated with the same urgency and sensitivity as that experienced by a woman. However, whilst there is some disputed research showing that men and women experience abuse at an equal rate, statistics show that:

  • 1 in 4 women will experience abuse in their lifetime, compared with 1 in 5 men.
  • Domestic abuse results in the death of two women each week, compared with thirty men each year.

5. Women Could Just Walk Away from an Abusive Partner


The suggestion that simply walking away from an abusive partner is the easiest way to escape a relationship is probably the biggest misconception of them all. Leaving an abusive partner can be an incredibly difficult decision to make for a number of reasons:

  • For women with children, being financially dependent on their partner or a lack of alternative accommodation can make the decision to leave harder.
  • In some cultures, a woman choosing to leave their partner can bring shame onto both themselves and their family.
  • If her self-esteem has been warn away, she may not believe she is capable of managing on her own.
  • Where a partner has threatened violence if she leaves, she may feel it's in her and the children’s best interest to stay put.

If you are experiencing domestic abuse or know someone who is, you can get confidential advice on what to do next by calling our helpline – 0300 561 0077. This is a completely free number, available between 9am and 8pm Monday to Friday. Calls made outside of this period will be diverted to our trained out of hours workers.


Abuse against women

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